Fuel efficiency standards are coming.
And they’re changing the way cars drive.
It’s called fuel efficiency.
The rules are the latest step in a decades-long trend to cut fuel consumption and improve fuel efficiency, but it’s also a bit of a headache for automakers and the people who run them.
The regulations were originally set in the 1990s to boost the fuel economy of cars and trucks.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) goal was to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by 40 per cent by 2050.
By 2035, the EPA said, cars and light trucks would make up just 7 per cent of global emissions.
“The reality of the situation is that in the 20 years since the 1990’s, the U.s. has seen a massive change in fuel economy,” said Dan McLeod, an associate professor at the University of Alberta and a co-author of the new book “Fuel Economy: A New History of the Future,” which focuses on the changes that have taken place since the standards were first adopted.
“We’re at a point now where we’re moving away from a traditional, fuel-efficient vehicle to a fuel-economy vehicle.”
The new rules were announced this week in the U,S.
by the EPA.
They will come into effect in Canada on Oct. 1.
The first two months will see the rules go into effect for all new cars on Sept. 1, followed by for existing vehicles.
For some vehicles, such as small trucks, the regulations will only apply until 2020, while for other vehicles, like big trucks, they will be phased in gradually.
There are a few things to note about the rules: they’re being developed by the U of A’s Center for Environmental Innovation, which is an autonomous driving project.
The EPA also released a draft version of the standards, and that was based on a report that was produced by the University’s Institute for Advanced Transportation Systems.
The report was produced with input from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the National Research Council and other federal agencies.
It looked at the vehicles that were tested and then compared them to a fleet of cars.
The new standards are a result of the EPA looking at how best to meet its goals, McLeod said.
“If you look at the research, they’re very similar to what they were looking at a few years ago,” he said.
The biggest changes in the rules will be to the engine design.
They’ve made a few tweaks to the way that engines work, but there are still some differences.
One of those changes involves the design of the catalytic converter, which provides the fuel-saving benefits.
The current converter is a tube, like a cigarette lighter, that heats up fuel from the exhaust and injects it into a cylinder.
That is, the fuel in the engine is used to heat up the fuel inside the cylinder.
The fuel-sucking tube is the first thing that’s removed.
“This is a major change in design because we now have to think about how to get this fuel out of the combustion chamber as quickly as possible,” said Mark Coyle, who is director of the Center for Energy Economics at the university.
That’s what the new rules require.
The old fuel-injection design required a tube that took a while to get all the fuel out.
“As fuel injection is very energy-intensive, that design has to be energy-efficient,” he explained.
The other change is in the exhaust gases.
Currently, the standard requires that cars emit no more than 3.6 grams of nitrogen oxide per kilometre of road travelled.
The newer fuel-efficiency standards will make it an average of 6.4 grams per kilometer.
That means the new regulations will require an average vehicle to emit 1.8 grams of N2O per kilometare of road.
That will be more than double the current average, McLean said.
Other changes include the use of carbon monoxide-free fuel, which will be the standard across the board, McAllister said.
That includes vehicles that are currently powered by gasoline and diesel.
In addition, the rules also require that new cars be equipped with automatic climate control, a system that automatically adjusts the climate control settings to provide for better driving.
Those changes will apply to vehicles with a starting price of $37,990, and the price increases will apply for vehicles with more than 100,000 kilometres of mileage on the odometer.
The changes won’t go into force until 2021.
“There are a lot of people who work on the cars that we’re introducing in 2021 and the ones that we’ll introduce in 2022,” McLeod added.
“They’ll have a whole new set of sensors and new computers that will be able to analyze all of that data and be able, if they want, to change the emissions.”
McAllisters co-authored the new study with former EPA Administrator